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Emerging Visions for Access in the Twenty-first Century Library

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APRIL 21-22, 2003

August 2003

Presented by the Council on Library and Information Resources and the California Digital Library

Copyright 2003 by the Council on Library and Information Resources. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transcribed in any form without permission of the publisher. Requests for reproduction should be submitted to the Director of Communications at the Council on Library and Information Resources.

About the Authors


Welcoming Remarks, Lawrence H. Pitts

Reaching across Library Boundaries, Robert S. Martin

The Library and Society: Emerging Roles for the Library as a Civic Institution

The Personal Library: Integrating the Library in the Networking Society, Jens Thorhauge
Libraries Empower People to Participate in a Civil Society, Gary E. Strong
Toward Supported “Communities of Interest” in Digital Environments, Robin Stanton
The Library and Education: Integrating Information Landscapes, Michael A. McRobbie

New Models for Stewardship

The Open Access Movement in Scholarly Communication, Michael Eisen
Lessons in Deep Resource Sharing from the University of California Libraries, Daniel Greenstein

Documentation Abstracts, Inc. Institutes for Information Science

“Emerging Visions for Access in the Twenty-first Century Library” is the second in a series of international symposiums that are supported by a grant from Documentation Abstracts, Inc. (DAI). The institutes will address key issues in information science relating to digital libraries, economics of information, or resources for scholarship.

Documentation Abstracts, Inc., was established in 1966 as a nonprofit organization comprising representatives from eight societies in the field of library and information science: American Chemical Society—Division of Chemical Information, American Library Association, American Society of Indexers, American Society for Information Science and Technology, Association of Information and Dissemination Centers, Association for Library and Information Science Education, Medical Library Association, and Special Libraries Association.

DAI was established to organize, evaluate, and disseminate information and knowledge concerning the various aspects of information science. It did this through publishing Information Science Abstracts (ISA), a bimonthly abstracting and indexing publication covering the literature of information science worldwide. In June 1998, this periodical was acquired by Information Today, Inc., which continues its publication to date.

The California Digital Library (CDL) is the eleventh university library of the University of California. It was established in 1997 to build the university’s digital library, help campus libraries share their resources and holdings more effectively, and provide leadership in applying information technology to the development of the university’s library collections and services.

Harnessing technology and innovation, and leveraging the intellectual and cultural resources of the University of California, the CDL supports the assembly and creative use of the world’s scholarship and knowledge for the University of California libraries and the communities they serve.

The Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) is an independent, nonprofit organization that works to expand access to information, however recorded and preserved, as a public good.

CLIR identifies barriers to information access and use, and helps society understand what is at risk in the changing information environment. In partnership with other organizations, CLIR helps create services that expand the concept of “library” and supports the providers and preservers of information. CLIR’s agenda is enhanced by the work of the Digital Library Federation (DLF), a consortium of libraries and related agencies that are pioneering the use of electronic information technologies to extend their collections and services. The DLF operates under the umbrella of CLIR.

About the Authors

Michael Eisen is a scientist in the Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, and adjunct assistant professor, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of California at Berkeley. He is also cofounder of the Public Library of Science, a nonprofit organization of scientists committed to making the world’s scientific and medical literature a public resource. It is working to establish online public libraries and science that will archive and freely distribute the complete contents of every published scientific article, greatly expand access to scientific knowledge, facilitate research, and inform medical practice.

Daniel Greenstein is University of California university librarian for systemwide library planning and scholarly information and executive director of the California Digital Library. Before joining the University of California, he was director of the U.S.-based Digital Library Federation and founding director of two networked information services working on behalf of the United Kingdom’s universities and colleges.

Robert S. Martin is director of the Institute of Museum and Library Services. Before that appointment in 2001, he was professor and interim director of the School of Library and Information Studies at Texas Woman’s University. He has also served as director and librarian of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission and associate dean of libraries for special collections at Louisiana State University. He served as acting chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts from October 2001 through January 2002.

Michael A. McRobbie is vice president for information technology and chief information officer at Indiana University. He is responsible for information technology on all seven campuses of Indiana University. He is also professor of computer science, informatics, and philosophy, as well as adjunct professor of cognitive science and information science on the Bloomington campus. In addition, he is professor of computer technology in the School of Engineering at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). In July 2003, he assumed the additional title of Indiana University vice president for research. He is also chief executive officer of Pervasive Technology Libraries and chief information architect for the Indiana Genomics Initiative.

Lawrence H. Pitts is vice chair of the Academic Senate of the University of California and a faculty representative to the Regents. He currently is professor of neurosurgery at UC San Francisco and was their Academic Senate chair.

Robin Stanton has been pro vice-chancellor (information) at the Australian National University since 1998.ÊHe is responsible for the university’s information infrastructure, including scholarly, corporate, and information technology services.ÊFrom 1993 to 1998, he was the dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology and, before that, head of Computer Science and director of the Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) in Advanced Computation.ÊHe is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering and is a member of the Boards of the Australian Partnership for Advanced Computation and of the Smart Internet CRC.

Gary E. Strong is director of the Queens Borough Public Library in New York City. In September 2003, he will assume the post of university librarian at UCLA. Before his appointment at Queens in 1994, he served 14 years as state librarian of California, where he created the California Research Bureau, the California Literacy Campaign, and the Partnerships for Change program. Most recently he was named 21st Century Librarian by the School of Information students at Syracuse University, received the Charles Robinson Award from the Public Library Association, and was named Business Person of the Year by the Queens County Chamber of Commerce.

Jens Thorhauge is director general of the Danish National Library Authority, a government agency responsible for administration of Danish library legislation, library development, and some central national library services such as and Denmark’s Electronic Research Library. Before taking his current position in 1997, he was director general of the Danish Library Association. He also served for many years as a teacher, researcher, and consult at the Royal School of Library and Information Science.


What will the library of tomorrow be, and what should it be? Such questions may not be new in the history of libraries, but at the turn of the twenty-first century they are being raised with urgency and purpose. A rapidly changing information service environment, combined with a seriously challenging financial environment, are pushing information providers-in particular, libraries-to think in new ways about how they provide information services to their users.

In organizing this conference, CLIR and the California Digital Library started from the premise that the current environment offers libraries the opportunity to re-think what they do, how they do it, and why. We invited speakers who have thought about these questions in their positions at research centers, public libraries, funding organizations, and in technology departments. Two of the speakers provide perspectives from abroad. All have much to offer as we consider new models for providing access.

This conference, the second in a series supported by Documentation Abstracts, Inc. (DAI), offers a unique opportunity for a cross-fertilization of ideas on the topic of emerging visions for access in the twenty-first century. We are grateful to DAI for making this conference possible. I am also grateful to the University of California for cohosting the event.

Deanna B. Marcum
Council on Library and Information Resources

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