Web site addresses were valid as of November 1, 2001

Association of Research Libraries. 2000. Holdings of University Research Libraries in U. S. and Canada. The Chronicle of Higher Education May 19: A23.

Association of Research Libraries. 1999a. Association of Research Libraries Data Tables 1998­1999. Available at http://www.arl.org/stats/arlstat/mrstat.html.

Association of Research Libraries. 1999b. Association of Research Libraries Newsletter 206 (October). Special Issue on Global Resources.

Ayers, Edward L., et al. 2001. The Valley of the Shadow. Available at http://www.iath.virginia.edu/vshadow2/.

Baker, Nicholson. 2000. Deadline: A Desperate Plea to Stop the Trashing of America’s Historic Newspapers. The New Yorker July 24: 42-61.

Baker, Nicholson. 2001. Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper. New York: Random House.

Bearman, David. 1999. Reality and Chimeras in the Preservation of Electronic Records. D-Lib Magazine 5 (4). Available at http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april99/bearman/04bearman.html.

Bearman, David, and Jennifer Trant. 1998. Authenticity of Digital Resources: Towards a Statement of Requirements in the Research Process. D-Lib Magazine (June). Available at http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june98/06bearman.html.

Big 12. 1998. Scholarly Communication and the Need for Collective Action: A Statement by the Chief Academic Officers of the Big 12. Press release, August 7. Available at http://www.big12plus.org/pressreleases/scholar.htm.

Bouché, Nicole. 1999. Digitization for Scholarly Use: The Boswell Papers at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources. Available at https://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub81-bouche/pub81text.html.

Bowen, William G. 2001. At a Slight Angle to the Universe: The University in a Digitized, Commercialized Age. The Romanes Lecture for 2000, delivered at the University of Oxford, October 17, 2000. ARL Newsletter 216 (June): 1­15.

Branin, Joseph, Frances Groen, and Suzanne Thorin. 2000. The Changing Nature of Collection Management in Research Libraries. Available at http://www.arl.org/collect/changing.htm.

Bridegam, Willis E. 2001. A Collaborative Approach to Collection Storage: The Five-College Depository Library. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources.

Brockman, William S., et al. 2001 forthcoming. Scholarly Work in the Humanities and the Evolving Information Environment. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources.

Brylawski, Samuel. 2001. Preservation of Digitally Recorded Sound. Unpublished report for the Library of Congress.

Chapman, Stephen, Paul Conway, and Anne Kenney. 1999. Digital Imaging and Preservation Microfilm: The Future of the Hybrid Approach for the Preservation of Brittle Books. Unpublished report. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources. Available at https://www.clir.org/pubs/archives/hybridintro.html#full.

Commission on Preservation and Access. 1997. Canadian Research on Permanent Paper Answers Old Questions and Raises New Concerns. The Commission on Preservation and Access Newsletter 104 (Nov-Dec): 2.

Conway, Paul. 2000. Overview: Rationale for Digitization and Preservation, in Handbook for Digital Projects: A Management Tool for Preservation and Access, edited by Maxine K. Sitts. Andover, Mass.: Northeast Document Conservation Center.

Conway, Paul. 1996. Preservation in the Digital World. Washington, D.C.: Commission on Preservation and Access. Available at https://www.clir.org/pubs/abstract/pub62.html.

Council on Library and Information Resources. 2001. Folk Heritage Collections in Crisis. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources. Available at https://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub96/contents.html.

Council on Library and Information Resources. 2000. Authenticity in a Digital Environment. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources. Available at https://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub92/contents.html.

Cox, Richard J. 2000. The Great Newspaper Caper: Backlash in the Digital Age. First Monday: Peer-Reviewed Journal on the Internet 5(12). Available at http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue 5_12/cox/index.html.

Digital Library Federation. 2001a. Digital Library Standards and Practices: Benchmarking Digital Reproductions of Printed Books and Serials. Available at http://www.diglib.org/standards.htm.

Digital Library Federation. 2001b. Registry of Digital Reproductions of Paper-based Books and Serials. Available at http://www.diglib.org/collections/reg/reg.htm.

Digital Library Federation. 2001c. Preservation of Electronic Scholarly Journals. Available at http://www.diglib.org/preserve/presjour.htm.

Foucault, Michel. 1997. What Is an Author? Translated by Donald F. Bouchard and Sherry Simons. In Language, Counter-Memory, Practice, edited by Donald F. Bouchard. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

George, Gerald. 1995. Difficult Choices: How Can Scholars Help Save Endangered Research Resources? A Report to the Commission on Preservation and Access. Washington, D.C.: Commission on Preservation and Access.

Gertz, Janet. 1999. Is Digital Conversion Really Part of Preservation? Abbey Newsletter 23(2): 22.

Granger, Stewart. 2000. Emulation as a Digital Preservation Strategy. D-Lib Magazine 6(10). Available at http://www.dlib.org/dlib/october00/granger/10granger.html.

Greenstein, Daniel I. 2001. The Registry’s Return. CLIR Issues 19:5. Available at https://www.clir.org/pubs/issues/issues19.html#registry.

Guthrie, Kevin. 2000. Revitalizing Older Published Literature: Preliminary Lessons from the Use of JSTOR. Paper presented at the Economics and Usage of Digital Library Collections Conference, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, March 23, 2000.

Hafner, Katie. 2001. A New Way of Verifying Old and Familiar Sayings. The New York Times (Feb. 1): E8.

Hayes, Robert M. 1985. Analysis of the Magnitude, Costs, and Benefits of the Preservation of Research Library Books. Working paper prepared for the Council on Library Resources.

Jana, Reena.2001. The Guggenheim’s New Legacy System. Digital Art Preservation. Wired (October): 64.

Jefferson, Thomas. [1791] 1984. Thomas Jefferson to Ebenezer Hazard, Philadelphia, February 18, 1791. In Thomas Jefferson: Writings: Autobiography, Notes on the State of Virginia, Public and Private Papers, Addresses, Letters, edited by Merrill D. Peterson. New York: Library of America.

Jewell, Timothy D. 2001. Selection and Presentation of Commercially Available Electronic Resources: Issues and Practices. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources.

JSTORNEWS. 2001. Available at http://www.jstor.org/news/2001.06/june2001.pdf.

JSTOR. 2001. Available at http://www.jstor.org/about/issues/index.html.

Kantor, Paul B. 1986. Costs of Preservation Microfilming at Research Libraries: A Study of Four Institutions. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library Resources.

Kenney, Anne R. 1996. The Disposition of Archival Source Documents After Digital Imaging. Janus 2: 78-86.

Library of Congress. 2001. How Does the Library Acquire its Holdings? Frequently Asked Questions. Available at http://lcweb.loc.gov/faq/25faq.html#5.

Library of Congress. 1997. Television and Video Preservation 1997: A Study of the Current State of American Television and Video Preservation. Vol. 1. Report of the Librarian of Congress. Written by William T. Murphy. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Available at http://lcweb.loc.gov/film/tvstudy.html.

Library of Congress. 1994. Redefining Film Preservation: A National Plan. Recommendations of the Librarian of Congress in Consultation with the National Film Preservation Board. Coordinated by Annette Melville and Scott Simmon. Washington, D.C.: National Film Preservation Board of the Library of Congress. Available at http://lcweb.loc.gov/film.

Lyman, Peter, and Hal R. Varian. 2000. How Much Information? Available at http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/how-much-info/.

Lyman, Peter, and Brewster Kahle. 1998. Archiving Digital Cultural Artifacts: Organizing an Agenda for Action. D-Lib Magazine. Available at http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july98/07lyman.html.

Lynch, Clifford. 1999. Canonicalization: A Fundamental Tool to Facilitate Preservation and Management of Digital Information. D-Lib Magazine 5(9). Available at http://www.dlib.org/dlib/september99/09lynch.html.

MacQueen, Scott. 1990. Rise and Fall of The Emperor Jones, 1933. American Cinematographer (February): 34-40.

Marley, S. Branson, Jr. 1975. Newspapers and the Library of Congress. Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress 32 (July): 207-237.

Menne-Haritz, Angelika, and Nils Brübach. 1999. The Intrinsic Value of Archive and Library Material. Digitale Texte der Archivschule Marburg (5). Available at http://www.uni-marburg.de/archivschule/intrinsengl.html.

Modern Language Association. 1996. Statement of the Significance of Primary Records. Report of the MLA Ad Hoc Committee on the Future of the Print Record (1993­1995). Profession 95: 27-50.

Molyneux, Robert E. 1998. The Gerould Statistics 1907/08­1961/62. Available at http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/gerould/.

National Archives and Records Service. 1982. Intrinsic Value in Archival Material. Staff Information Paper 21. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service and General Services Administration.

Panitch, Judith M. 2001. Special Collections in ARL Libraries; Results of the 1998 Survey Sponsored by the ARL Research Collections Committee. Washington, D.C.: Association of Research Libraries.

Reed-Scott, Jutta. 1999. Preserving Research Collections: A Collaboration Between Libraries and Scholars. Washington, D.C.: Association of Research Libraries.

RLG DigiNews. 2000. FAQ on Digital Collection Registries. Available at http://rlg.org/preserv/diginews/diginews4-6.html.

Rosenthal, David S. H., and Vicky Reich. 2000. Permanent Web Publishing: LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe). Available at http://lockss.stanford.edu/freenix2000/freenix2000.html.

Rothenberg, Jeff. 1999. Avoiding Technological Quicksand: Finding a Viable Technical Foundation for Digital Preservation. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources.

Rothenberg, Jeff. 1995. Ensuring the Longevity of Digital Documents. Scientific American 272(1): 42-7.

Safire, William. 2000. The Way We Live Now: 9-10-00: On Language; Old Guard. On Language. The New York Times Magazine (Sept. 10): 28.

Science. 2001. You Read It Here First. Science 291 (Jan. 5): 39.

Smith, Geoff. 1995. Access to Newspaper Collections and Content in a Time of Change. IFLA Journal 21: 282.

Staples, Thornton, and Ross Wayland. 2000. Virginia Dons FEDORA: A Prototype for a Digital Object Repository. D-Lib Magazine 6 (7/8). Available at http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july00/staples/07staples.html.

Storm, William D. 1998. Unified Strategy for the Preservation of Audio and Video Materials. Preservation Research and Testing Series No. 9806. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress Preservation Directorate.

Tanselle, G. Thomas. 1998. Literature and Artifacts. Charlottesville Va.: The Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia.

Task Force on Archiving of Digital Information. 1996. Preserving Digital Information: Report of the Task Force on Archiving of Digital Information. Washington, D.C., and Mountain View, Calif.: Commission on Preservation and Access and the Research Libraries Group, Inc. Available at http://www.rlg.org/ArchTF/.

U.S. Census Bureau. 2001. Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (120th ed.). Austin, Tex.: Hoover’s Business Press.

U.S. Department of Commerce. 1989. Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970. White Plains, N.Y.: Kraus International Publishers.

Walls, David. 2000. Relative Cost for Three Preservation Modes. Abbey Newsletter 24(4): 75.

Web sites of organizations and projects noted in report

British Universities Film & Video Council. Available at http://www.bufvc.ac.uk.

Columbia International Affairs Online. Available at http://www.ciaonet.org/.

Kaypro Emulation. Available at http://www.yoy.org/kaypro/.

National Film Preservation Board. Available at http://lcweb.loc.gov/film.

National Film Preservation Foundation. Available at http://www.filmpreservation.org.

Rossetti Archive. The Complete Writings and Pictures of Dante Gabriel Rossetti: A Hypermedia Research Archive. Available at http://www.iath.virginia.edu/rossetti/.