The Web site addresses listed in this section were valid as of February 7, 2000.


Agre, Philip. 1995. Institutional Circuitry: Thinking About the Forms and Uses of Information. Information Technology and Libraries 14:225-30.

Bearman, David A., and Richard H. Lytle. 1985. The Power of the Principle of Provenance. Archivaria 21:14-27.

Bearman, David A., and Peter Sigmond. 1987. Explorations of Form of Material Authority Files by Dutch Archivists. American Archivist 50:249-53.

Bellardo, Lewis J., and Lynn Lady Bellardo, compositors. 1992. A Glossary for Archivists, Manuscript Curators, and Records Managers. Chicago: Society of American Archivists.

Borgman, Christine L., et al.. 1996. Social Aspects of Digital Libraries. Final Report to the National Science Foundation; Computer, Information Science, and Engineering Directorate; Division of Information, Robotics, and Intelligent Systems; Information Technology and Organizations Program, 1996. Award number 95-28808. Available from http://www-lis.gseis.ucla.edu/DL/UCLA_DL_Report.html.

Brichford, Maynard. 1982. The Origins of Modern Archival Theory. Midwestern Archivist 7(2):86-101.

Burke, Frank G. 1981. The Future Course of Archival Theory in the United States. American Archivist 41:40-6.

Burke, Frank G. 1997. Research and the Manuscript Tradition. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.

Cedars Project. 1999. CURL exemplars in digital archives. Available from http://www.leeds.ac.uk/cedars/.

Commission on Preservation and Access and Research Libraries Group. 1996. Archiving of Digital Information: Final Report and Recommendations. Available at http://www.rlg.org/ArchTF/.

Conway, Paul. 1996. Preservation in the Digital World. Washington, D.C.: Commission on Preservation and Access. Available at https://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/conway2/index.html.

Cook, Terry. 1984. From Information to Knowledge: An Intellectual Paradigm for Archives. Archivaria 19:28-49.

Cox, Richard J. 1994. Re-Discovering the Archival Mission: The Recordkeeping Functional Requirements Project at the University of Pittsburgh, A Progress Report. Archives and Museum Informatics 8:279-300.

Dearstyne, Bruce W. 1993. The Archival Enterprise: Modern Archival Principles, Practices, and Management Techniques. Chicago, Il.: American Library Association.

Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. 1999. Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, Version 1.1: Reference Description. Available from http://purl.oclc.org/dc/documents/rec-dces-19990702.htm.

Duchein, Michel. 1983. Theoretical Principles and Practical Problems of Respect des Fonds in Archival Science. Archivaria 16:64-82.

Duff, Wendy, 1998. Harnessing the Power of Warrant. American Archivist 61:88-105.

Duff, Wendy, and Kent Haworth. 1993. The Reclamation of Archival Description: The Canadian Experience. In Canadian Archival Studies and the Rediscovery of Provenance, edited by Tom Nesmith. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press.

Duranti, Luciana. 1996. Archives as a Place. Archives and Manuscripts 24:242-55.

–. 1998a. Diplomatics: New Uses for an Old Science. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.

–. 1998b. The Future of Archival Scholarship. Paper presented at University College Dublin.

Duranti, Luciana, and Heather MacNeil. 1997. The Preservation of the Integrity of Electronic Records: an Overview of the UBC-MAS Research Project. Archivaria 42:46-67.

Eno, Brian. 1999. In Time and Bits: Managing Digital Continuity, edited by Margaret MacLean and Ben H. Davis. Los Angeles, Ca.: Getty Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities. Available from http://www.getty.edu/publications/titles/time/.

Gilliland-Swetland, Anne J. 1991. Automated Archival Systems. In Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, edited by Allen Kent. New York: Marcel Dekker.

–. 1998. Setting the Stage: Defining Metadata. In Introduction to Metadata: Pathways to Digital Information, edited by Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Information Institute.

–. 2000a. Evaluation Design for Large-Scale, Collaborative Online Archives: Interim Report of the Online Archive of California Evaluation Project. Archives and Museum Informatics (in press).

–. 2000b. Popularizing the Finding Aid: Exploiting EAD to Enhance Online Browsing and Retrieval in Archival Information Systems by Diverse User Groups. Journal of Internet Cataloging (in press).

Gilliland-Swetland, Luke. 1991. The Provenance of a Profession: The Permanence of the Public Archives and Historical Manuscripts Traditions in American History. American Archivist 54:160-75.

Gränström, Claes. 1994. The Janus Syndrome. In The Principle of Provenance. Stockholm: Swedish National Archives.

Hofman, Hans. 1999. National Archives of the Netherlands’ Digital Repository. Paper presented at the DLM-Forum, Brussels.

InterPARES Project. 1999. International Project on Permanent Authentic Records in Electronic Systems. University of British Columbia. Available at: http://www.interpares.org.

Jenkinson. Hilary. 1937. A Manual of Archive Administration, second ed. London: P. Lund, Humphries and Co.

–. 1944. Reflections of an Archivist. Contemporary Review 165:355-61.

–. 1948. The English Archivist: A New Profession. Inaugural Lecture for a New Course in Archive Administration delivered at University College London, 14 October 1947. London: H.K. Lewis and Co.

Jones, Steven G., editor. 1998. Cybersociety 2.0: Revisiting Computer-Mediated Communication and Community. Thousand Oaks, Ca.: Sage Publications.

Lancaster, F. Wilfrid. 1979. Information Retrieval Systems: Characteristics, Testing, and Evaluation, second ed. New York: Wiley.

Livelton, Trevor. 1996. Archival Theory, Records, and the Public. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.

Lyman, Peter, and Howard Besser. 1999. Defining the Problem of Our Vanishing Memory: Background, Current Status, Models for Resolution. In Time and Bits: Managing Digital Continuity, edited by Margaret MacLean and Ben H. Davis. Los Angeles, Ca.: Getty Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities. Available from http://www.getty.edu/publications/titles/time/.

Lynch, Clifford A. 1994. The Integrity of Digital Information: Mechanics and Definitional Issues. Journal of the American Society for Information Science 45:737-44.

Michelson, Avra. 1987. Description and Reference in the Age of Automation. American Archivist 50:192-210.

Online Archive of California Project. 1999. A Prototype Union Database of Encoded Archival Finding Aids. Available from http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/FindingAids/uc-ead/.

Pitti, Daniel V. 1999. Encoded Archival Description: An Introduction and Overview. D-Lib Magazine 5(11). Available from http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november99/11pitti.html.

Project Prism. 1999. Digital Libraries Initiative Phase 2. Cornell University. Available from http://www.prism.cornell.edu/.

Rajasekar, Arcot, Richard Marciano, and Reagan Moore. 1999. Collection-Based Persistent Archives. San Diego Supercomputer Center. Available from http://www.sdsc.edu/NARA/Publications/OTHER/Persistent/Persistent.html.

Records Continuum Research Group, Monash University. 1999. Recordkeeping Metadata. Available from http://www.sims.monash.edu.au/rcrg/research/spirt/index.html.

Roberts, John W. 1987. Archival Theory: Much Ado About Shelving. American Archivist 50:66-74.

–. 1990. Archival Theory: Myth or Banality? American Archivist 53:110-20.

Roe, Kathleen D. 1990. The Automation Odyssey: Library and Archives System Design Considerations. In Describing Archival Materials: The Use of the MARC AMC Format, edited byRichard P. Smiraglia. New York: Haworth Press.

Rothenberg, Jeff. 1995. Ensuring the Longevity of Digital Documents. Scientific American 272:24-9.

–. 1999. Avoiding Technological Quicksand: Finding a Viable Technical Foundation for Digital Preservation. Report to the Council on Library and Information Resources. Washington, D.C.: Council on Library and Information Resources.

Sawyer, Don, and Lou Reich.1999. Archiving Referencing Model, White Book, Issue 5. Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems. Available from http://ssdoo.gsfc.nasa.gov/nost/isoas/ref_model.html.

Schellenberg, Theodore R. 1956. The Appraisal of Modern Public Records. In National Archives Bulletin 8. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service. (Reprinted in Daniels, Maygene F., and Timothy Walch [eds]. 1984. A Modern Archives Reader. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service.)

–. 1959. The Future of the Archival Profession. American Archivist 22:49-58.

–. 1961. Archival Principles of Arrangement. American Archivist 24:11-24. (Reprinted in Daniels, Maygene F., and Timothy Walch [eds]. 1984. A Modern Archives Reader. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service.)

Shepard, Thom. 1998. Universal Preservation Format (UPF): Conceptual Framework. RLG DigiNews 2(6). Available from http://www.rlg.org/preserv/diginews/diginews2-6.html#upf.

Society of American Archivists Encoded Archival Description Working Group. 1998. Encoded Archival Description Tag Library Version 1.0. Chicago, Il.: Society of American Archivists.

–. 1999. Encoded Archival Description Application Guidelines Version 1.0. Chicago, Il.: Society of American Archivists.

Stielow, Frederick J. 1991. Archival Theory Redux and Redeemed: Definition and Context Toward a General Theory. American Archivist 54:14-26.

Taylor, Hugh. 1993a. Information Ecology and the Archives of the 1980s. In Canadian Archival Studies and the Rediscovery of Provenance, edited by Tom Nesmith. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.

–. 1993b. Transformation in the Archives: Technological Adjustment or Paradigm Shift? In Canadian Archival Studies and the Rediscovery of Provenance, edited by Tom Nesmith. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.

Thibodeau, Kenneth. 1999. Persistent Object Preservation: Advanced Computing Infrastructure for Records Preservation. Paper presented at the DLM-Forum, October 1999, Brussels.

Upward, Frank, and Sue McKemmish. 1994. Somewhere Beyond Custody. Archives and Manuscripts 22:136-49.

Van den Broek, Jan. 1997. From Brussels to Beijing. Proceedings of the 13th International Congress on Archives (Beijing, 2-7 September 1996), Archivum: International Review on Archives 43. Munich: K.G. Saur.

Wenger, Etienne. 1999. Communities of Practice: Learning, Meaning, and Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.