Anyone contemplating preservation conversion should be aware of the numerous standards that apply. These include standards for film, scanning, compression, optical discs, and computers. Specific standards exceed the scope of this paper. However, the reader is encouraged to contact the following.
1. Optical disc: International Standards Organization (ISO), particularly Sub-committee 23 of TC97, (Joint Technical Committee–JTCI) and TC171, the International Micrographics Standards body, for standards covering optical disc. Also, TC42 for photographic technology.
2. Scanner test targets: Association for Information and Image Management (AIIM), particularly C-13.1 committee for scanner test targets.
3. Various digital image standards groups: Other standards-making or influencing groups include: Association for Information and Image Management (AIIM), National Institute of Science & Technology (NIST), National Information Standards Organization (NISO), American National Standards Institute (ANSI), Special Interest Group on CD-ROM Application and Technology (SIGCAT), Digital Image Applications Group (DIAG), Federal Council on Computer Storage Standards and Technology (FCCSSAT), Optical Digital Data Disks sub-committee of Accredited Standards Committee X3 (TCX3BII) (3). Two important standards are ANSI X3B9 and X3BII for re-writable and write-once optical discs, respectively.
4. Compression: CCITT (Comité Consultative Internationale pour la Téléphonie et la Télégraphie) for facsimile compression standards
5. European standards groups: Two standards-making bodies in the European Community are: the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) and the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC).
6. Preservation microfilming: For preservation filming see The Preservation Microfilming Handbook, published by the Research Libraries Group, Mountain View, California. Another good book on the subject edited by Nancy Gwinn and published by the American Library Association entitled Preservation Microfilming: A Guide for Librarians and Archivists.
7. Computers and equipment: Other standards dealing with computers and computer-peripheral equipment that are important in configuring imaging and preservation systems include: network standards (TCP/IP, NETbios, OSI/ISO, etc.), interface standards (SCSI, EDSI, etc.), display standards (VGA, XVGA, etc.), and operating system standards (DOS, Windows, OS/2, UNIX, etc.).
8. Books: There are two important books referenced in the September issue of Imaging Technology Report which are recommended reading for all practitioners on standards issues: “Document Imaging Standards Development: How, Why and For Whom’?” (L034-1992) “Imaging Standards” (L001-1992)
Both are available from the AIIM bookstore.