All URLs were valid as of July 15, 2002.
Association of College and Research Libraries. 2000. Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education. Available at http://www.csusm.edu/acrl/il/toolkit/intro.html.
Berners-Lee, James Hendler, and Ora Lassila. 2001. The Semantic Web. Scientific American. (May): 3443.
The Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research University. 1998. Reinventing Undergraduate Education: A Blueprint for America’s Research Universities. State University of New York at Stony Brook. Available at http://naples.cc.sunysb.edu/Pres/boyer.nsf/.
Brown, John Seely. 2000. Growing Up Digital: How the Web Changes Work, Education, and the Ways People Learn. Change 32(2): 1120.
Bruce, Christine. 1997. The Seven Faces of Information Literacy. Adelaide: AUSLIB Press. A version of this is available at http://sky.fit.qut.edu.au/~bruce//inflit/faces/faces1.htm.
Butler, Brett. 2001. KnowledgeBit: A Database Format for Reference, Version 2.0. Paper presented at The Virtual Reference Desk, 2nd Annual Digital Reference Conference, Seattle, Wash., October 1617, 2000. Available at http://www.vrd.org/conferences/ VRD2000/proceedings/butler5-01.shtml.
Cantor, Nancy. 2000. Reinvention: Why Now? Why Us? Remarks at the Second Anniversary Retrospective on the Boyer Commission Report, State University of New York at Stony Brook, April 28, 2000. Available at http://www.sunysb.edu/Reinventioncenter/Cantor%20talk.htm.
Ferguson, Chris D. 2000. ‘Shaking the Conceptual Foundations,’ Too: Integrating Research and Technology Support for the Next Generation of Information Service. College and Research Libraries 61(4): 30011.
Greenberg, Douglas. 2000. Camel Drivers and Gatecrashers: Quality Control in the Digital Research Library.
Greenstein, Daniel, and Suzanne Thorin. 2002. The Digital Library: A Biography. CLIR Issues 27 (May/June). Available at https://clir.wordpress.clir.org/pubs/issues/issues27.html#digital.
Janes, Joseph, Chrystie Hill, and Alex Rolfe. 2001. As-an-Expert Services Analysis. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 52(13): 110621.
Janes, Joseph. 2002. Digital Reference: Reference Librarians’ Experiences and Attitudes. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 53(7): 54966.
Keller, Michael A. 1997. Cybrarians-The Information Professionals of the 21st Century. Presented at New Technologies and the Librarian of Tomorrow, Brasilia, May 19, 1997. Available at: http://www-sul.stanford.edu/staff/pubs/cybrarian.html.
Kellogg Commission on the Future of State and Land-Grant Universities. 2001. Returning to Our Roots. Available at http://www.nasulgc.org/publications/Kellogg/execsum.pdf.
Kresh, Diane. 2000. Offering High Quality Reference Service on the Web. D-lib Magazine 6(6). Available at http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june00/kresh/06kresh.html.
Kryllidou, Martha, and Mark Young. 2001. ARL Statistics 1999-2000. Washington, D.C.: Association of Research Libraries.
Kuh, G. D. 2001. Assessing What Really Matters to Student Learning: Inside the National Survey of Student Engagement. Change 33(3): 1017, 66.
Lagoze, Carl, et al., editors. 2002. What is the Mission of the Open Archives Initiative? Open Archives Initiative: Frequently Asked Questions, Protocol Version 2.0 of 2002-06-14. Document Version 2002/06/10T11:00:00Z. Available at http://www.openarchives.org/documents/FAQ.html.
Lankes, R. David. 2001. Question Interchange Profile (QuIP): Metadata for Cooperative Reference. The Virtual Reference Desk Presented at the 2nd Annual Digital Reference Conference, Seattle, Wash., October 1617, 2000. Available at http://www.vrd.org/conferences/VRD2000/proceedings/lankes-quip_files/v3_documentation.htm.
Lessig, Lawrence. 2000. Open Code and Open Societies. Keynote address presented at Free Software–a Model for Society? Tutzing, Germany, June 1, 2000. Available at http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/works/lessig/opensocd1.pdf.
Lynch, Clifford. 2000. From Automation to Transformation. Educause Review 35 January/February): 6068. Available at http://www.educause.edu/pub/er/erm00/pp060068.pdf.
Lynch, Clifford A. 2001. When Documents Deceive: Trust and Provenance as New Factors for Information Retrieval in a Tangled Web. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 52(1): 1217.
National Academy of Sciences. 1999. Being Fluent with Information Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Available at http://stills.nap.edu/html/beingfluent/es.html.
National Research Council Committee on a National Collaboratory. 1993. National Collaboratories: Applying Information Technology for Scientific Research. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Task Force on Archiving Digital Information. 1996. Preserving Digital Information: Final Report and Recommendations. Washington, D.C.: Commission on Preservation and Access and Mountain View, Calif.: Research Libraries Group. Available at http://www.rlg.org/ArchTF/.
Self, Jim, and Steve Hiller. 2001. A Decade of User Surveys. Presented at the 4th Northumbria International Conference on Performance Measures in Libraries and Information Services. Pittsburgh, Pa., August 2001. Available at www.arl.org/stats/north/powerpoints/self-hiller-NorthumbriaSe5.ppt.
Smith, David S. [undated] Lessons from Clinical Medical Librarianship for Law Libraries: A Review of the Core Literature. Available at http://www.pages.drexel.edu/~dss26/ROL.html.
Weinstein, Peter, and Gene Alloway. 1997. Seed Ontologies: Growing Digital Libraries as Distributed, Intelligent Systems. Proceedings of the Second ACM International Conference on Digital Libraries. Philadelphia, Pa., July 2326, 1997.
Web sites referenced
Dartmouth College Collaborative Facilities: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~collab/
Open Archives Initiative: http://www.openarchives.org
Space Physics and Aeronomy Research Collaboratory: http://intel.si.umich.edu/sparc/
University of Maryland Gemstone: http://www.gemstone.umd.edu
University of Michigan Digital Library Extension Service: http://www.dlxs.org
University of Michigan, University Library, Image Services: http://images.umdl.umich.edu
University of North Carolina M. Johnston Center UNC: http://www.unc.edu/depts/jcue
University of Texas TILT: http://tilt.lib.utsystem.edu/
University of Virginia Information Communities: http://www.lib.virginia.edu/dlbackstage/infocomm.html
University of Washington, UWired: http://www.washington.edu/uwired/