All URLs were valid as of September 15, 2003


Adelstein, Peter Z. 1999. Permanence of Digital Information. Access to Information Preservation Issues. Proceedings of XXXIV International Conference of the Round Table on Archives (CITRA 1999), Budapest: International Council on Archives.

Anglim, Chris. 1997. Preserving the CD-ROM. Technical Services Law Librarian 22(4). Available at http://www.aallnet.org/sis/tssis/tsll/22-04/presrv.htm.

BC Archival Preservation Service. 2001. Optical Disk Media. AABC Newsletter 11(3). Vancouver: Archives Association of British Columbia. Available at http://aabc.bc.ca/aabc/newsletter/11_3/bc_archival_preservation_service.htm.

Campbell, Daniel R. 2000. Digital Preservation Strategies, What’s Good. What’s Bad. What Should You Do? AALL Spectrum (December). American Association of Law Libraries.

CD-Info Company. 1997. Customizing CDs. Available at http://www.cd-info.com/CDIC/Technology/CD-R/Labeling/.

Clatterbuck, Tim. 1999. Choose CD-R, CD-RW Media as Though your Data Life Depends on it. International Journal of Micrographics & Optical Technology 17(4).

Clifton, P. 2001. Nonprint Media Update: Longevity and Optical Media. DTIC Digest, no. 1 (January). Defense Technical Information Center. Available at http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/digest/digest2001-1/Nonprintmed.html.

CNET Networks, Inc. 2001. Care and Feeding of CD-Rs. Available athttp://computers.cnet.com/hardware/0-1091-8-8020643-6.html?tag=st.co.1091-8-8020643-1.txt.1091-8-8020643-6.

CNET Networks, Inc. 2001. Disc Anatomy 101. Available athttp://computers.cnet.com/hardware/0-1091-8-8020643-5.html?tag=st.co.1091-8-8020643-1.txt.1091-8-8020643-5.

Cochrane, Katherine. 1998. Recordable CD and DVD for Archiving. Microscopy Today No. 98-10.

Conservation Online. 2003 (May 5). NARA/Long-Term Usability of Optical Media. Available at http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/bytopic/electronic-records/electronic-storage-media/critiss.html.

Ditzler, Carol, Caroline Early, and Claudia Weston. 1994. Preservation Issues for Optical/Electronic Media. Chapter 7 in The Electronic Information Initiative, Phase 1 Final Report (Revision 3). Available at http://www.nal.usda.gov/services_and_products/other_nal_products/eii/nal-eii7.html.

DVD Club Review. No date. DVD Care and Handling. Available at http://www.dvd-club-review.com/dvdguidecare.htm.

Eastman Kodak Company. 2002 (April 2). Handling Kodak CD-R Media. Available at http://www.kodak.com/cluster/global/en/service/tib/tib4356.shtml.

Eastman Kodak Company. 2002 (March 5). Labeling Kodak CD-R Media. Available at http://www.kodak.com/global/en/service/tib/tib4298.shtml.

Eastman Kodak Company. No date. Permanence and Handling of CDs. Available at http://www.kodak.com/global/en/professional/products/storage/pcd/techInfo/permanence1.jhtml?id=0.3.6.30.17.6&lc=en.

Frey, F., S. Susstrunk. 2000. Digital Photography-How Long Will It last? Paper presented at ISCAS 2000: IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Geneva, Switzerland, May 28Ð31, 2000.

Gilbert, Michael W. 1998. Digital Media Life Expectancy and Care. @OIT (Fall). University of Massachusetts Office of Information Technologies. Available at http://www.oit.umass.edu/publications/at_oit/Archive/fall98/media.html.

Hartke, Jerome L. 2000 (May 22). CD-R Media Survey. Available at http://www.mscience.com/survey.html.

_____. 2001 (July 17). Measures of CD-R Longevity. Available at http://www.mscience.com/longev.html.

_____. 2002. Why CD-Rs Fail. Medialine (October). Available at http://www.mscience.com/cdrfail.html.

_____. 2002. Irradiation of CD Discs Sent by U.S. Mail. Medialine (July). Available at http://www.mscience.com/radiate.html.

High-Tech Productions. No date. Postal Service Selects Titan to Eradicate Bio-Threat in U.S. Mail. High-Tech Productions to conduct Media Testing with Titan. http://www.high-techproductions.com/radiationtesting.htm.

Hirota, Kusato, and Gentaro Ohbayashi. 1997. Reliability of the Phase Change Optical Disc. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Part I 36(10): 6398Ð6402.

Imation, 2002. Handle with Care: Making Your CD-R & CD-RW Media Last. http://www.imation.com/assets/en_US_Assets/PDF/IMN_CDcare.pdf.

International Organization for Standardization. 2002. International Standard ISO 18921, Imaging materials-Compact discs (CD-ROM)-Method for estimating the life expectancy based on the effects of temperature and relative humidity. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization.

Kushnier, Ron. No date. Care and Handling of CD-ROM Discs. Available at http://www.scn.rain.com/pub/cdrom/handling.

Lee, Kyong-Ho, Oliver Slattery, Richang Lu, Xiao Tang, and Victor McCrary. 2002. The State of the Art and Practice in Digital Preservation. Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 107: 93Ð106. Available at http://nvl.nist.gov/pub/nistpubs/jres/107/1/j71lee.pdf.

Library of Congress. National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program. Available at http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/.

Marschall, Mary E., and Ginni Voedisch. 1990. Compact Discs: Permanence and Irretrievability May Be Synonymous In Libraries As Well As In Roget’s. National Online Meeting Proceedings. Medford, N.J.: Learned Information.

Maxell Corporation of America. No date. Tech Info. Available at http://maxell-data.com/techinfo/whitepapers/.

Maxell Corporation of America. No date. Maxell DVD-R White Paper. Available at http://www.maxell-data.com/techinfo/whitepapers/dvd-r_white.shtml.

Media Sciences, Inc. No date. Frequently Asked Questions. Available at http://www.mscience.com/faq.html.

Mitsui Advanced Media, Inc. No date. Mitsui DVD-R. Available at http://www.mitsuicdr.com/technology/technical_papers/documents/DVD-R_information.pdf.

_____. No date. CD-R Dyes: How to Tell What’s What. Available at http://www.mitsuicdr-store.com/Dyes.htm.

_____. No date. Silver vs. Gold: Which is Best for Me? Available at http://www.mitsuicdr-store.com/silver&gold.htm.

_____. 1999. Handling and Storage Guidelines. Available athttp://www.mitsuicdr-store.com/handling_instructions.pdf.

National Archives of Australia. 1999 (April). Protecting and Handling Optical Discs. Available at http://www.naa.gov.au/recordkeeping/rkpubs/advices/advice6.html.

National Archives and Records Administration. 2001 (April). Frequently Asked Questions About Optical Media. Available at http://www.archives.gov/records_management/policy_and_guidance/frequently_asked_questions_optical.html.

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Information Technology Laboratory. 2003 (Jan. 16). Data Preservation Program. Available at http://www.itl.nist.gov/div895/isis/datastorage.html.

National Library of Australia. 2001 (December). Preserving Access to Digital Information (PADI), Optical Discs. Available athttp://www.nla.gov.au/padi/topics/53.html.

Optical Storage Technology Association. 2001. Technology: Q&A. Understanding CD-R & CD-RW. Available at http://www.osta.org/technology/cdqa.htm.

PCTechGuide. 2003 (March 27). Storage: CD ROM. Available at http://www.pctechguide.com/08cd-rom.htm.

_____. 2003 (March 27). Storage: CD-Recordable/CD-Rewritable. Available at http://www.pctechguide.com/09cdr-rw.htm.

_____. 2003 (March 27). Storage: DVD. Available at http://www.pctechguide.com/10dvd.htm.

Pioneer Electronics Service, Inc. No date. CD Care and Information. Doc No. 14038. Available at http://legacy.pioneerelectronics.com/Pioneer/Files/14038.pdf.

Pohlmann, Ken. 1992. The Compact Disc Handbook, 2nd ed. Middleton, Wisc.: A-R Editions.

Saffady, William. 1997. Stability, Care, and Handling of Microfilms, Magnetic Media and Optical Disks. Library Technology Reports 33(6): 709.

St. Laurent, Gilles. 1996. The Care and Handling of Recorded Sound Materials. National Library of Canada. Available at http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/byauth/st-laurent/care.html.

SANYO Laser Products, Inc. 2002. DVD-Frequently Asked Questions. Available at http://www.sanyolaserproducts.com/dvd/faq.htm.

Sharpless, Graham. 2003. CD and DVD Disc Manufacturing. Deluxe Global Media Services, Ltd. Available at http://www.disctronics.co.uk/downloads/tech_docs/replication.pdf.

______. 2003. An Introduction to DVD Formats. Deluxe Global Media Services, Ltd. Available at http://www.disctronics.co.uk/downloads/tech_docs/dvdintroduction.pdf.

______. 2003. Introduction to CD and CD-ROM. Deluxe Global Media Services, Ltd. Available at http://www.disctronics.co.uk/downloads/tech_docs/cdintroduction.pdf.

Sony Electronics Inc. 2003. Care and Handling/CD-R and CD-RW. Available at http://www.mediabysony.com/NASApp/ctsc/customer_resources.jsp?documentid=6.

Stinson, Douglas, Fred Ameli, and Nick Zaino. 1995. Lifetime of KODAK Writable CD and Photo CD Media. Available at http://www.cd-info.com/CDIC/Technology/CD-R/Media/Kodak.html.

Taylor, Jim. 2003 (Sept. 22). DVD Demystified: DVD Frequently Asked Questions (and Answers). Available at http://www.dvddemystified.com/dvdfaq.html.

TDK. No date. TDK CD-R Technology. Available at http://www.cd-info.com/CDIC/Technology/CD-R/Media/TDK.html.

Technical Advisory Service for Images. 2002 (March). An Introduction to Digital Preservation. TASI Advice Paper. Available at http://www.tasi.ac.uk/advice/delivering/pdf/digpres.pdf.

_____. 2002 (September). Using CD-R and DVD-R for Digital Preservation. TASI Advice Paper. Available at http://www.tasi.ac.uk/advice/delivering/pdf/cdr-dvdr.pdf.

Titan Corporation San Diego, Organic Consumers Association, Effects of Electronic Beam Irradiation on Nonfood Substance, Initial Beam Effects Summary. Available at http://www.organicconsumers.org/irrad/ebeamnonfood.cfm.

Van Bogart, John W. C. 1995. Magnetic Tape Storage and Handling. Washington, DC: Commission on Preservation and Access and St. Paul, Minn.: National Media Laboratory. Available at https://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub54/index.html.

Verbatim Corporation. 2001. FAQ: What is the Proper Care and Handling for Optical Discs? Available at http://www.verbatim.com/products/products.cfm?showfaq=16&search=1.